CBD Oil Basics-Market Outlook and Production

Market Outlook & Production Overview

It is estimated that the global market for cannabidiol (CBD) oil will grow from $967.2 million in 2020 to $5.3 billion by 2025. The global CBD oil market is mainly driven by growing research funding for cannabinoid research, legalization of CBD in various regions and the rising occurrence of chronic diseases and related complications.

Hemp-derived products are the largest segment in the CBD oil products market. CBD oils are primarily used in pharmaceutical, food, cosmetic and other industries. The cosmetic and food industry segments accounts for more than half of the market but over the next few years the pharmaceutical segment is expected to expand significantly.

There are two classifications for the cannabis plant that produces CBD oil: hemp and marijuana

Hemp-derived CBD is sourced from industrial hemp plants, which are grown primarily for their fiber and seeds. Hemp is differentiated from marijuana by its levels of THC, the cannabinoid that possesses intoxicating properties. Under U.S. law a hemp plant must contain no more than 0.3% THC.

Marijuana-derived CBD is extracted from marijuana plants that have thick, lush foliage and flowers that are generally grown and consumed for their intoxicating properties. The U.S. government defines marijuana plants as those which contain more than 0.3% THC. While most marijuana plants contain THC as the predominant cannabinoid, there are several strains of marijuana that are rich in CBD.

Whether CBD is extracted from hemp or marijuana, it remains identical on the molecular level.

Hemp Growing Process 

Farmers breed plants with high concentrations of CBD and low concentrations of THC to comply with the 2018 Farm Bill through seeds or cloning.

Once harvested, the plant is air-dried for three to four weeks before the stems are soaked to make the decortication process easier. Decortication happens before extraction when the fiber of the plant is removed from the stem.

Extraction Process 

The extraction process is the method of turning plant to oil. Various solvents are used to separate cannabinoids into an oily substance.

  • CO2 extraction utilizes carbon dioxide to produce a highly concentrated oil when the gas is put under high pressure in a low-temperature environment. This manipulates the gas into a liquid, which is then passed through the harvested plant materials resulting in the purest oil possible.
  • Ethanol extraction utilizes ethanol, a polar solvent that mixes with water to draw out water-soluble molecules and cannabis compounds. The resulting dark oil is a mixture of cannabis compounds and Chlorophyll, which is later filtered out. Although this filtration step also removes some of the extracted cannabinoids, thus lowering the overall purity of the product.
  • Hydrocarbon extraction utilizes solvents like propane, butane or acetone to extract CBD oil. Although a cheap and easy process, the extracted oil often has a higher concentration of THC, and a lower concentration of CBD. Plus, the possibility for residue is high, which significantly lowers the purity and effectiveness of products.  \

When it comes to quality, CO2 extraction yields the best products, but at a higher cost due to the need for expensive equipment and knowledgeable extractors.

Processing

Decarboxylation comes after the extraction process. Decarboxylation is a simple heating process that most CBD oil products undergo to activate CBD and its benefits for the human body.

The heat activates the Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA), which subsequently produces CBD that will interact and bind with receptors within the endocannabinoid system.

Purifying

Purification, or winterization, is an optional step of the process that removes excess fatty acids, chlorophyll, and other plant materials. 

Valves and Flow Meters for CBD Production

From growing to extraction, Assured Automation valves and flow meters are used throughout the botanical extraction industry.

Find out more at https://assuredautomation.com/Cannabis

Related article: Valves and Flow Meters for the CBD Industry

Summary
Article Name
CBD Basics-Market Outlook and Production
Description
From growing to extraction, Assured Automation valves and flow meters are used throughout the CBD and botanical extraction industry. Find out more at https://assuredautomation.com/Cannabis

About Kim O'Neill

Marketing administrator at Assured Automation, a leading provider of automated valves and flow components for industrial process control applications. For over 30 years Assured Automation has provided state of the art automation to a diverse clientele ranging from small equipment manufacturers to Fortune 500 Manufacturing, Chemical and Pharmaceutical companies. The Assured Automation product line consists of a complete offering of standardized automated valve assemblies with a variety of commonly used accessory items. In addition, we offer complete valve automation services where we supply special automated valve assemblies designed around your specified products or your particular applications. Full design capabilities are offered including AutoCAD, Solidworks or other commonly used design and drawing programs. In addition to standard products, Assured Automation develops customized solutions for specific customer challenges. You can find Kim O'Neill on LinkedIn.
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